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Pain Control Management

Once you know the cause of your pain, you and your healthcare provider can select a treatment plan to get your symptoms under control. A number of medications are available, ranging from nonprescription drugs, like ibuprofen, to strong prescription products, like morphine. Acupuncture, stress management, and physical therapy are some of the nonmedication therapies used to control pain.

What Is the General Approach to Managing Pain Control?

There are many techniques and medications that can help control pain. Mild or moderate pain may be alleviated by over-the-counter (OTC) remedies, such as:
For severe or chronic pain, prescription pain relievers may be needed.
In many cases, painful symptoms can be significantly reduced through:
  • Physical activity (under the guidance of a healthcare professional)
  • Physical therapy
  • Relaxation techniques, such as meditation, yoga, or tai chi
  • Stress reduction
  • Other nondrug treatments.
There are different types of pain. The pain from such things as headaches, fractures, tendonitis, or sore muscles is often what comes to mind when people think of pain. Cancer can cause a different kind of pain confined to one area of the body or all over. For example, bone cancer can cause a deep and severe pain.
Damage to nerves can result in nerve pain, called neuropathic pain, or neuropathy. This damage can be caused by injury, diabetes, shingles, burns, and other causes. Neuropathic pain can be sharp and intense, often described as a burning or stabbing pain. It may be accompanied by tingling or numbness. The type of pain and the reason for it are key to finding the right treatment strategy for each individual.
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