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Pain Control Management

Other Pain Control Techniques

Several techniques can be used to reduce pain. These may help reduce pain without the need for medication, or they can be used at the same time as pain relievers to further reduce pain symptoms.
 
Biofeedback
Biofeedback is a technique that can teach you how to control the effects that stress, anxiety, or other factors have on your body. It can also help you learn how to control your response to pain and in this way decrease the pain's effect on you, potentially decreasing the pain itself. For example, biofeedback has been used to help control migraines (see Biofeedback for Migraines).
 
Stress Reduction and Relaxation Training
Stress can cause pain or increase pain symptoms. Stress often causes muscle tightness and poor circulation, which can lead to headaches, shoulder and back pain, insomnia, and other effects on the body that slow healing. Chronic stress, anger, or anxiety can affect everything from digestion to mental abilities. Seeing a counselor or therapist trained in stress reduction techniques may be helpful as you learn about decreasing stress and the negative effects that stress can have on the body.
 
Acupuncture
Acupuncture has been used for relief from symptoms of arthritis, migraines, fibromyalgia, low back pain, cancer pain, and many others. There is not good scientific evidence to determine how effective acupuncture is for these or other conditions, though people find that it helps with their pain (for more information, see Arthritis and Acupuncture).
 

Physical Therapy

Physical therapy can relieve pain through stretching and strengthening muscles, and increasing flexibility of joints. Other methods may be used as part of physical therapy, such as:
 
  • Cold or heat therapy
  • Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) units
  • Ultrasound treatment.
     
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