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Risks of a Laparoscopy for Endometriosis

Major Laparoscopy Risks

There are also some major risks associated with a laparoscopy, although they don't happen often. Your health may play a role in whether some of these problems happen. For example, people who have severe heart disease or diabetes, are overweight, use tobacco, have had other abdominal surgeries, or have kidney or lung disease have a higher chance of problems happening than those who are healthier. Your health may also be an important part of how well your body heals if one of these problems occurs.
Major laparoscopy risks include but are not limited to:
  • Serious bleeding
  • Serious infection
  • Damage to organs, such as the uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries, bladder, and/or ureters
  • Damage to the intestines, including a perforation (or hole) in the lining or a burn injury
  • Blood vessel injury
  • Blood clots
  • Nerve injury
  • Hernias, which may include a rupture of the incision or the diaphragm
  • Complications from the air placed in the abdomen, such as air going into a blood vessel or the space outside the lung
  • Reactions to medication or anesthesia
  • Other rare and unlikely events.
Depending on the individual situation, a major complication from laparoscopy may lead to a longer hospital stay, a blood transfusion, or a repeat surgery. A surgery such as this could possibly include immediate major abdominal surgery, a hysterectomy (removal of the uterus), or, in rare instances, placement of a colostomy. Other major risks, in extreme cases, may lead to permanent disability, paralysis, or loss of life.
Major problems from a laparoscopy, however, occur in less than 1 in 100 procedures. Loss of life in the United States from the procedure occurs in less than 5 out of 100,000 procedures. Therefore, this procedure is about six times safer than driving a car and about two to three times safer than being pregnant.
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