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Laparoscopy for Endometriosis -- Anesthesia

During a laparoscopy for endometriosis, anesthesia will be used, allowing you to undergo the procedure while feeling no pain. There are two types of anesthesia: general and spinal. Anesthesia carries a risk of side effects and complications. However, telling your doctor about your allergies, health conditions, and current medicines enables him or her to take better care of you during the surgery.

Anesthesia Options With Laparoscopy for Endometriosis

Anesthesia is used to eliminate the pain felt during a laparoscopy. For a laparoscopy used to diagnose and possibly treat endometriosis, the two most common types of anesthesia are spinal and general anesthesia. You will be given one of the two types.
Spinal Anesthesia
With spinal anesthesia for a laparoscopy, your anesthesiologist will inject medicine into your lower back. This will cause you to feel numb, usually from the base of your rib cage down. To make the placement of the needle easier, you will be asked to either lie on your side curled up or to sit on the side of the table hunched forward. During the procedure, you will also receive medicine that makes you feel relaxed or sleepy. Although the spinal anesthesia will take away all sensation of pain, you might still feel some pressure and movement.
General Anesthesia
The other option for a laparoscopic surgery for endometriosis is general anesthesia. This type uses medication to put you into a deep sleep so that you do not feel any pain, pressure, or movement during the procedure. In order to do this, you will first be asked to breathe through an oxygen mask. Then you will be given medications through your IV, which will cause you to feel pleasantly relaxed and quickly drift off to sleep. After you are in a deep sleep, a breathing tube will be placed into your windpipe to assist with your breathing throughout the operation. Your anesthesia care team will give you other medications as required during your procedure through your IV.
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