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Ketamine

Drug Interactions

This product may react with a number of other medicines (see Drug Interactions With Ketamine).
 

What If I Overdose on This Medicine?

An overdose of this medication could be dangerous, potentially slowing down or stopping breathing, or causing other serious problems. Seek immediate medical attention if you or someone else may have overdosed on this medication.
 
(Click Ketamine Overdose for more information.)
 

How Does It Work?

It is not entirely known how ketamine works. It is known that the medicine works on certain brain pathways to quickly produce a general state of anesthesia (loss of sensation and awareness) and pain relief. Unlike many other general anesthetics, ketamine maintains respiration (breathing) and a normal or slightly increased muscle tone.
 

When and How to Receive Ketamine

Some general considerations to keep in mind when receiving this drug include the following:
 
  • This medication is normally administered as an injection into the vein (intravenously, or by IV). It may also be given as an injection into the muscle (intramuscularly, or IM).
 
  • The injections are administered by a trained healthcare provider in a healthcare setting.
 
  • Ketamine may be given alone or in combination with other anesthetic medications.
 
  • This medication works best when it is given on an empty stomach. Make sure to find out from your healthcare provider whether you may eat before your procedure.
 
  • For this drug to work properly, it must be used as prescribed.
 
Alternative Therapies for Pain Management

Ketamine Drug Information

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