Fibromyalgia is not thought to be caused by a virus, although some researchers are looking into the possibility of the condition being triggered by a virus or bacteria. However, there are several other theories on why fibromyalgia occurs.
For some reason, a person with fibromyalgia reacts strongly to stimuli that most people would not perceive as painful. A number of things could be responsible for this effect, including:
- Psychological factors
- Disturbances in sleep patterns
- Muscle problems
- Problems with the autonomic nervous system.
Although the exact cause of fibromyalgia is unknown, certain factors may increase your risk of developing it. Some of these risk factors include:
- Being female.
- Being exposed to physically or emotionally stressful or traumatic events, such as a car accident, surgery, or being deployed to war.
- Suffering injuries to the body caused by performing the same action over and over again.
(Click Fibromyalgia Causes to learn more about the risk factors and possible causes for this condition.)